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Phrasal Verb

Pada materi kali ini saya akan menjelaskan pengertian phrasal verb beserta daftar kata phrasal verb yang sering digunakan lengkap dengan arti dan contoh kalimat.

Pengertian Phrasal Verb

Apa itu phrasal verb? Pengertian phrasal verb adalah frasa yang terdiri dari kata kerja ditambah adverb atau preposition. Phrasal verbs menciptakan makna yang berbeda dari arti verb itu sendiri.

Phrasal verbs biasa panjangnya dua kata, tetapi kadang-kadang terdiri dari tiga kata.

Penggunaan Phrasal Verb

Selain belajar artinya, Anda perlu belajar cara menggunakan phrasal verb dengan benar.

Penggunaan phrasal verb sama dengan penggunakan kosakata bahasa Inggris lainnya.

Beberapa phrasal verb memerlukan objek langsung (seseorang/sesuatu), sementara yang lain tidak. Beberapa phrasal verb dapat dipisahkan oleh objek, sementara yang lain tidak.

Mempelajarinya ketika anda mendengarkan atau menemukannya dalam tulisan akan lebih mudah daripada berusaha menghafalnya banyak sekaligus.

Gunakan daftar di bawah ini sebagai panduan referensi ketika Anda menemukan kata, ekspresi atau ungkapan yang tidak Anda ketahui.

Contoh-contoh kalimatnya akan membantu Anda memahami arti dan cara penggunaannya.

A. Penggunaan Literal

Banyak verb dalam bahasa Inggris dapat dikombinasikan dengan kata keterangan atau preposisi, phrasal verb dengan preposisi yang digunakan dalam arti harfiah mudah dimengerti.

Contoh:

  • Anto walked across the square.

Konstruksi verb dan adverb juga mudah dipahami ketika digunakan dalam percakapan.

Kata keterangan dalam literal phrasal verb mengubah kata kerja yang disematkan, dan preposisi menghubungkan subjek ke kata kerja.

B. Penggunaan Idiomatik

Namun demikian, penggunaan idiom dalam percakapan sehari-hari yang membuat phrasal verb sangat penting:

Contoh:

  • He hope she will get over her operation quickly.

Arti harfiah dari “to get over” adalah “memanjat sesuatu untuk berada ke sisi lain”, tidak relevan di sini. Di sini “get over” berarti “pulih dari” atau “merasa lebih baik”.

C. Kata Kerja Phrasal Transitif dan Intransitif

Phrasal verb juga berbeda dalam hal transitivitas atau intransitivitasnya dengan cara yang sama seperti verb biasanya.

Kata kerja transitif selalu memiliki objek.

Contoh:

  • Many people walked across the bridge.

Across” dalam kalimat ini adalah preposisi dari “jembatan (the bridge)”.

Kata kerja intransitif tidak memiliki objek.

Contoh:

  • When I entered the room he looked up.

Up” di sini adalah kata keterangan, dan tidak memiliki objek.

D. Separable atau Inseparable Phrasal Verb

Cara lebih lanjut untuk mempertimbangkan phrasal verb adalah apakah mereka dapat dipisahkan atau tidak dapat dipisahkan.

Dalam inseparable phrasal verb, objek datang setelah particle.

Contoh:

  • We got on the bus.
  • On weekdays, we look after our grandchildren.

Separable phrasal verb memiliki beberapa cara untuk memisahkan kata kerja, particle dan objek.

Biasanya, objek berasal dari kata kerja dan particle.

Contoh:

  • I looked up the word in my dictionary.
  • I looked it up in my dictionary.

Namun, dengan beberapa kata kerja yang dapat dipisahkan, objek dapat datang sebelum atau setelah particle.

Contoh:

  • Switch the light off.
  • Switch off the light.
  • Switch it off.

Biasanya tidak ada cara baku untuk mengelompokkan apakah phrasal verb dapat dipisahkan (separable), (inseparable), transitif atau intransitif.

Dalam kebanyakan kasus, Anda harus mengunakan rasa untuk cara penggunaannya yang benar.

Daftar Kata Phrasal Verb, Arti dan Contoh

Seperti banyak kata kerja lainnya, phrasal verb seringkali memiliki lebih dari satu arti.

Table daftar kata berikut menampilkan sekitar dua ratus kata phrasal verb yang sering digunakan untuk membantu Anda lebih mudah mengingat dan memahaminya.

Pelajari daftar kata phrasal verb lengkap arti dan contoh kalimat dibawah ini lebih sering sehingga Anda tidak lupa aturannya!

VerbArtiContoh Kalimat
ask someone outmengundang kencanBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundtanyakan banyak orang pertanyaan yang samaI asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to somethingsamaYour purchases add up to
$205.32.
back something upmembalikkanYou’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone upmendukungMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upmeledakThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something uptambahkan udaraWe have to blow 50 balloons
up for the party.
break downberhenti berfungsi (kendaraan, mesin)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downlesu, murungThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something downmembaginya menjadi bagian-bagian yang lebihOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inmemaksa masuk ke sebuah bangunanSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into somethingmasukkan secara paksaThe firemen had to break into
the room to rescue the
children.
break something inmemakai sesuatu beberapa kali sehingga tidak terlihat/merasa baruI need to break these shoes in
before we run next week.
break inmenggangguThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.
break upmengakhiri hubunganMy boyfriend and I broke up
before I moved to America.
break upmulai tertawa (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outmelarikan diriThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.
break out in somethingmengembangkan kondisi kulitI broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone downmembuat bahagiaThis sad music is bringing me
down.
bring someone upmembesarkan seorang anakMy grandparents brought me
up after my parents died.
bring something upmulai berbicara tentang subjekMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something upmuntahHe drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundtelepon banyak tempat yang berbeda/orangWe called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.
call someone backmengembalikan panggilan teleponI called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offmembatalkanJason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.
call on someonememinta jawaban atau pendapatThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on someonekunjungi seseorangWe called on you last night but you weren’t home.
call someone upteleponGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downsantai setelah marahYou are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for someone/somethingtidak suka (formal)I don’t care for his behaviour.
catch upsampai ke titik yang sama dengan orang lainYou’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check intiba dan mendaftar di hotel atau bandaraWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check outtinggalkan hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check someone/something outlihat dengan cermat, selidikiThe company checks out all new employees.
check out someone/somethinglihat (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upmenjadi lebih bahagiaShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone upbuat lebih bahagiaI brought you some flowers to
cheer you up.
chip inmembantuIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uprapi, bersihPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across somethingtemukan secara tak terdugaI came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartterpisahThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with somethingmenjadi sakitMy nephew came down with
chicken pox this weekend.
come forwardsukarela untuk suatu tugas atau untuk memberikan buktiThe woman came forward with her husband’s finger prints.
come from somewhereberasal dariThe art of origami comes from
Asia.
count on someone/somethingMengandalkanI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something outMenggambar garis melaluiPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on somethingmengkonsumsi lebih sedikitMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something downmembuat sesuatu jatuh ke tanahWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut inMenggangguYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut intarik terlalu dekat di depan kendaraan lainThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut inmulai beroperasi (dari mesin atau perangkat istrik)The air conditioner cuts in
when the temperature gets to
22ºC.
cut something offmenghapus dengan sesuatu yang tajamThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something offberhenti menyediakanThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut someone offmengambil dari sebuah akanMy grandparents cut my father
off when he remarried.
cut something outmenghapus bagian dari sesuatu (biasanya dengan gunting dan kertas)I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do someone/something overmemukuli, merampokHe’s lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street
gang.
do something overlakukan lagiMy teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn’t like my topic.
do away with somethingMembuangIt’s time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something upKencangkan, tutupDo your coat up before you go outside. It’s snowing!
dress upmemakai pakaian bagusIt’s a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backbergerak kembali dalam posisi/kelompokAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her
bike.
drop in/by/overdatang tanpa janjiI might drop in/by/over for tea some time this week.
drop someone/something offmengambil seseorang/sesuatu di suatu tempat dan meninggalkan mereka/itu adaI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outkeluar dari kelas, sekolah dllI dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outmakan di RestoranI don’t feel like cooking tonight. Let’s eat out.
end upakhirnya mencapai/melakukan/memutuskanWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartpecah berkeping-kepingMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downjatuh ke tanahThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outterpisah dari interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(rambut, gigi) menjadi longgar dan lajangHis hair started to fall out
when he was only 35.
figure something outmengerti, menemukan jawabannyaI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something inuntuk menulis informasi di tempat kosongPlease fill in the form with
your name, address, and phone
number.
fill something outuntuk menulis informasi dengan lengkapThe form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something upmengisi ke atasI always fill the water jug up
when it is empty.
find outmenemukanWe don’t know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something outmenemukanWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but

Samantha found it out.

get something across/overberkomunikasi, buat dimengertiI tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/onsaling menyukaiI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get aroundmemiliki mobilitasMy grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get awaypergi berliburWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with somethinglakukan tanpa diketahui atau dihukumJason always gets away with
cheating in his maths tests.
get backkembaliWe got back from our vacation last week.
get something backmenerima sesuatu yang Anda miliki sebelumnyaLiz finally got her Science notes back from my room- mate.
get back at someonebalas dendam, balas dendamMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back into somethingmenjadi tertarik pada sesuatu lagiI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on somethingmelangkah ke kendaraanWe’re going to freeze out here if you don’t let us get on the bus.
get over somethingpulih dari penyakit, kehilangan, kesulitanI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over somethingmengatasi suatu masalahThe company will have to close if it can’t get over the new regulations.
get round to somethingakhirnya menemukan waktu untuk melakukan (N.Amer .: berkeliling untuk sesuatu)I don’t know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togetherbertemu (biasanya karena alasan sosial)Let’s get together for a BBQ
this weekend.
get upbangun dari tempat tidurI got up early today to study for my exam.
get upberdiriYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone awaymengungkapkan informasi tersembunyi tentang seseorangHis wife gave him away to the police.
give someone awaybawa pengantin wanita ke altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give something awaymerusak rahasiaMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something awayberikan sesuatu kepada seseorang secara gratisThe library was giving away
old books on Friday.
give something backmengembalikan item yang dipinjamI have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give indengan enggan berhenti berkelahi atau berdebatMy boyfriend didn’t want to go to the ballet, but he finally
gave in.
give something outberikan kepada banyak orang (biasanya tanpa biaya)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something upberhenti dari kebiasaanI am giving up smoking as of
January 1st.
give upberhenti mencobaMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someoneikuti seseorangMy brother tried to go after
the thief in his car.
go after somethingcobalah untuk mencapai sesuatuI went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someonebersaing, lawanWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go aheadmulai, lanjutkanPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go backkembali ke suatu tempatI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go outmeninggalkan rumah untuk menghadiri acara sosialWe’re going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someonekencanJesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over somethingulasanPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go overkunjungi seseorang di dekatnyaI haven’t seen Tina for a long time. I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without somethingmenderita kekurangan atau kekuranganWhen I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apartberhenti berteman dari waktu ke waktuMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow backtumbuh kembaliMy roses grew back this summer.
grow upmenjadi dewasaWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out of somethingterlalu besar untukElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into somethingtumbuh cukup besar agar pasThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand something downberikan sesuatu yang digunakan untuk orang lainI handed my old comic books
down to my little cousin.
hand something inmenyerahkanI have to hand in my essay by
Friday.
hand something outuntuk dibagikan kepada sekelompok orangWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something overmemberi (biasanya dengan enggan)The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang intetap positif (NAmer., informal)Hang in there. I’m sure you’ll find a job very soon.
hang ontunggu sebentar (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang outmenghabiskan waktu santai (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang upakhiri panggilan teleponHe didn’t say goodbye before he hung up.
hold someone/something backmencegah melakukan / pergiI had to hold my dog back

because there was a cat in the park.

hold something backsembunyikan emosiJamie held back his tears at his grandfather’s funeral.
hold ontunggu sebentarPlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto someone/somethingpegang dengan kuat menggunakan tangan atau lengan AndaHold onto your hat because it’s very windy outside.
hold someone/something uprampokA man in a black mask held
the bank up this morning.
keep on doing somethingterus lakukanKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something from someonetidak memberi tahuWe kept our relationship from
our parents for two years.
Keep someone/something outberhenti masukTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something uplanjutkan dengan kecepatan yang samaIf you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let someone downgagal mendukung atau membantu, mengecewakanI need you to be on time. Don’t
let me down this time.
let someone inizinkan masukCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
look after someone/somethingmengurusI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on someonekurang berpikir, pertimbangkan inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for someone/somethingmencoba untuk mencariI’m looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to somethingbersemangat tentang masa depanI’m looking forward to the
holiday.
look into somethingmenyelidikiWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look outhati-hati, waspada, dan perhatikanLook out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out for someone/somethingmenjadi sangat waspada untukDon’t forget to look out for
snakes on the hiking trail.
look something overperiksaCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something upmencari dan menemukan informasi dalam buku referensi atau basis dataWe can look her phone number
up on the Internet.
look up to someonememiliki banyak rasa hormatMy little sister has always
looked up to me.
make something upmenciptakan, berbohong tentang sesuatuJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make upsaling memaafkanWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone upmemakaikan kosmetikMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something upmembingungkan dua hal atau lebihI mixed up the twins’ names again!
pass awaymatiHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outlemahIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something outberikan hal yang sama kepada banyak orangThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass something uptolak (biasanya sesuatu yang baik)I passed up the job because I
am afraid of change.
pay someone backpengembalian uang terutangThanks for buying my ticket. I’ll pay you back on Friday.
pay for somethingdihukum karena melakukan sesuatu yang burukThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something outmemilihI picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point someone/something outmengindikasikan dengan jari AndaI’ll point my boyfriend out
when he runs by.
put something downletakkan apa yang Anda pegang di permukaan atau lantaiYou can put the groceries
down on the kitchen counter.
put someone downmenghina, membuat seseorang merasa bodohThe students put the substitute teacher down because his
pants were too short.
put something offmenundaWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something outmemadamkanThe neighbours put the fire
out before the firemen arrived.
put something togethermengumpulkanI have to put the crib together
before the baby arrives.
put up with someone/somethingmentolerirI don’t think I can put up with
three small children in the car.
put something onletakkan pakaian / aksesoris di tubuh AndaDon’t forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into someone/somethingbertemu secara tiba-tibaI ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over someone/somethingmengendarai kendaraan di atas seseorang atau sesuatuI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/through somethingberlatih, tinjauLet’s run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run awaypergi tanpa terduga, melarikan diriThe child ran away from
home and has been missing for three days.
run outtidak ada yang tersisaWe ran out of shampoo so I
had to wash my hair with soap.
send something backkembali (biasanya melalui surat)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something upmengaturOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone uptrik, jebakanThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop aroundperbandingan hargaI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show offbertindak ekstra istimewa untuk orang yang menonton (biasanya dengan sombong)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep overtinggal di suatu tempat untuk malam iniYou should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something outmengatur, menyelesaikan masalahWe need to sort the bills out
before the first of the month.
stick to somethingterus melakukan sesuatu, batasi diri Anda untuk satu hal tertentuYou will lose weight if you
stick to the diet.
switch something offhentikan aliran energi, matikanThe light’s too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something onmulai aliran energi, hidupkanWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after someonemenyerupai anggota keluargaI take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apartsengaja dipecah-pecahHe took the car brakes apart
and found the problem.
take something backkembalikan itemI have to take our new TV
back because it doesn’t work.
take offmulai terbangMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take something offmelepas sesuatu (biasanya pakaian)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something outmemindahkan dari suatu tempat atau bendaCan you take the garbage out
to the street for me?
take someone outmembayar seseorang untuk pergi  ke suatu tempat dengan AndaMy grandparents took us out
for dinner and a movie.
tear something uprobek menjadi beberapa bagianI tore up my ex-boyfriend’s letters and gave them back to him.
think backingatWhen I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something overmempertimbangkanI’ll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw something awaybuangWe threw our old furniture
away when we won the lottery.
turn something downmengurangi volume atau kekuatan (panas, cahaya dll)Please turn the TV down
while the guests are here.
turn something downbuangI turned the job down because
I don’t want to move.
turn something offmematikan sesuatuYour mother wants you to turn
the TV off and come for dinner.
turn something onmenghidupkan sesuatuIt’s too dark in here. Let’s turn
some lights on.
turn something upmenambah volume atau kekuatan (panas, cahaya dll)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn upmuncul tiba-tibaOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something onmencoba sampel pakaianI’m going to try these jeans on, but I don’t think they will fit.
try something outujiI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something uphabiskan persediaanThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake upbangun, berhenti tidurWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm someone/something upmeningkatkan suhuYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm uppersiapkan tubuh untuk berolahragaI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear offmenghilangMost of my make-up wore off
before I got to the party.
work outolahragaI work out at the gym three times a week.
work outmenjadi orang yang suksesOur plan worked out fine.
work something outmembuat perhitunganWe have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.

Bibliografi

  • Badalamenti, V. and Henner-Stanchina, C. (2000). Grammar dimensions. Caqmbridge, MA: Heinle & Heinle.
  • Murphy, R. (2012). English grammar in use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Swick, E. (2005). English grammar for ESL learners. Chicago, IL: McGraw-Hill.
Sebelumnya
Zaki Mubaraq
CEO Intraxenglish.com, coffee addict, blogger enthusiast, gak bisa basa-basi dan kayaknya setelah gua mikir2 kayaknya gua Introvert orangnya. dah, itu aja... :)

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